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Reasons Why a Criminal Case May Be Dismissed

 Posted on January 24,2024 in Criminal Defense

Blog ImageIf you have been arrested, your first thought may be that you will automatically be found guilty of the charges, and there is nothing you can do to stop that process – even if you are innocent of what you are being accused of. The truth is that many of the cases brought before the criminal court system are dismissed before they ever get to trial or dismissed during the trial. The following are some of the most common reasons a case can be dismissed. To learn more or to arrange to have your case evaluated, contact an Illinois defense lawyer.

Insufficient Evidence

One of the common reasons criminal charges are dismissed is because there is a lack of sufficient evidence to support the charges. In criminal proceedings, the prosecution bears the burden of proving the defendant's guilt “beyond a reasonable doubt.” If the evidence presented by the prosecution is insufficient, contradictory, or weak and fails to meet this required standard, the court may dismiss the case. This dismissal ensures that individuals are not unfairly subjected to criminal charges without a solid basis for their prosecution.

Some of the factors the court will use to evaluate the quality and admissibility of evidence include witness testimony, forensic evidence, and any other proof the prosecution presents. If the evidence fails to establish a strong case, the defense will file a motion to dismiss, arguing that there is no reasonable basis for the charges.

Violation of Constitutional Rights

Criminal defendants have certain constitutional rights that are meant to ensure a fair and just legal process. If law enforcement or other government officials violate these rights, the case may be dismissed. Common violations include unlawful searches and seizures, Miranda rights violations, and coercion during interrogation.

For example, evidence obtained through an illegal search or without a proper warrant may be deemed inadmissible in court. Or if the defendant's right to remain silent or the right to legal representation was violated during questioning, then any statements they made may be excluded as evidence.

Procedural Errors or Misconduct

Procedural errors or misconduct during the legal process can also lead to the dismissal of a criminal case. This includes mistakes made by law enforcement, prosecutors, or the court itself. Some procedural errors may include failure to disclose exculpatory evidence (evidence that could favor the defendant), improper handling of evidence, or mistakes in the charging documents.

Intentional prosecutorial misconduct, such as withholding evidence, making false statements, or engaging in unethical behavior, can be grounds for dismissal. The criminal justice system's goal is to ensure a fair and impartial trial, and any actions that undermine this goal may result in the dismissal of the case.

Contact a Naperville, IL Defense Lawyer Today

If you have been charged with a crime, you need a skilled and experienced Will County, IL criminal law attorney advocating for you and ensuring your rights are protected. Do not delay in calling Law Office of Patricia Magaña, LLC at 630-448-2001 to schedule a free and confidential consultation.

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